Fabric Characteristics of Leather
- A durable, flexible material
- Made from the skin of an animal
- Shade variation common from hide to hide and within each hide
- Natural markings are clearly visible (eg brands, healed scars)
- Natural grain of skin remains making grain variation visible
- Can water spot easily
- Will not fray
Care and Use of Leather
- Note: At the first sign of color bleeding or fading while utilizing the following techniques. you should stop what you’re doing and take your item to a pro.
- To make sure your cleaning products and method are a match with your leather, test it out on a hidden spot first—like inside the hand opening on a glove.
- To clean leather, carefully rub a mild soap or leather cleanser onto your item with a damp paper towel, let it sit for several seconds, then wipe it clean.
- Let it air dry afterward (away from direct heat) and use a leather conditioner to moisturize.
- The biggest mistake people make when caring for leather clothing is getting it too wet, then rubbing the material too hard.
- Leather is delicate, especially when wet and the color can come off easily, so don’t saturate or vigorously rub it while cleaning.
- Never immerse leather in water.
- Lapped seam is recommended for a strong sturdy seam when sewing leather.
- Leather needles are recommended.
- Longer stitch length is recommended.
Recommended BERNINA Presser Feet for Sewing Leather
BERNINA has several different presser feet for sewing with leather. The Big Book of Feet is a great reference point for determining what sewing technique or presser foot to use. The following presser feet are recommended for sewing with leather:
- Zigzag Foot with Non-stick Sole #52/52C/52D is a version of the Zigzag Foot #0 and good for general all-purpose sewing. This foot will work well for straight and zigzag stitching.
- Roller Foot #51 is designed especially for sewing fabrics that do not feed easily under ordinary presser feet, such as leather, plastic, vinyl and heavily textured surfaces. These types of materials tend to adhere to the flat soles of most presser feet, inhibiting movement. The Roller Foot #51 does not have toes as most presser feet do; Rather, the foot is solid across the front, with a shallow groove etched into the top and front indicating the center of the foot.
- The wheel of Leather Roller Foot #55 glides over the surface of the leather without marring or scratching, and it easily maneuvers curves as well as straight lines.
Tips for Sewing on Leather
Starting with our needle, using a Leather Needle is important when sewing with leather. The Leather Needle has a slightly sharp cutting point for leather and other heavy non-woven synthetics including imitation leather. The large eye allows the thread to sew smoothly through thick, multiple layers. Leather Needles are available in sizes 8/60 through 18/110.
Increasing your stitch length is important. Stitch length is increased for leather so that the stitches are not too close together where they can perforate the leather, causing it to pull away from the stitched seam. I prefer to increase my stitch length to 3.50 mm.
Reducing presser foot pressure to 40 on my B 790 PLUS will allow for the fabric to move easily. For thick or multi-layered fabric decrease the pressure (-) The presser foot is slightly raised, making it easier for the fabric to be moved by the feed dog on the machine.
To create a Lapped Seam, draw your seam allowance on the wrong side of your Leather.
Trim the seam allowance off of one piece.
Then take the newly trimmed piece and align it to the drawn line, (seam allowance) on the second piece of fabric. Clip into place with Wonder Clips.
Align your presser foot and stitch your lapped seam into place. Stitch a second row parallel to the first row.
Leather can be a wonderful durable fabric to use in your sewing and crafting projects.
For more leather projects, check out these blog posts from WeAllSew: